Stay Pimple-Free With The Best Face Mask For Acne

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ANTI ACNE Facial maskThere are a number of anti acne face masks available in the market these days. These face masks can be found in many different formulas to aid in preventing new acne breakouts and healing old marks or scars from previous eruptions. So, how do you choose the best face mask for acne and skin healing if you want to get the best results for yourself?  If you suffer from sensitive skin and want to treat your skin in the gentlest manner then herbal and natural face masks will be best to prevent irritation and inflammation. Herbal facial masks can also be helpful for those with normal to oily skin as they are less apt to cause excessive irritation or chemical burning.

Most beauty stores stock multiple forms of anti acne face masks but they may contain parabens or harmful chemicals that are not good for your skin in the long run, as they can cause further damage. When using products that contain natural ingredients, you can clean your skin gently and let the inflamed skin tissues reduce and heal gradually. Comfrey, chamomile, calendula are natural herbs that reduce inflammation and redness. Powerful enzymes found in oat flour and rye flour hydrate and soften the skin and hair follicle to help dissolve trapped oil and exit the pores.

The Vivoderm Anti-Acne Facial Mask was developed by a holistic dermatologist years ago and used on thousands of his patients since, with great success. Some have even called this mask “miraculous” for healing and preventing acne. Take a look at the attached before and Acne Before and Afterafter photos for the actual results. This customizable, herbal mask is completely natural – made of pulverized herbs and lactic acid (from yogurt) – and does not contain any chemicals whatsoever.  Once blended and applied, the mask enters the skin pores and unplugs them by clearing out (or pulling) all the impurities as it dries. Moreover, the antiseptic properties of many of the herbs, including Rosemary and Lavender, help in clearing out the bacteria which causes the acne in the first place. Lactic acid helps to reduce dark marks and scars. This acne treatment will remove dead skin cells slowly and produce smooth and blemish free skin with continued use.

For best results, you can use the mask up to 3 times a week. If needed, the mask is all natural and gentle enough to be used daily.

  • Good for teenagers and adults with acne.
    • For all skin types, especially those with adult acne or Rosacea.
    • Stimulates cell growth, reduces inflammation.
    • Prevents scarring and balances oil production.
    • Helps strengthen the capillaries and has a rejuvenating effect.
    • Increases circulation which promotes health and repair.
    • Removes dead skin cells and repairs blemishes without drying the skin.
    • Anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, antiseptic and cellular regenerator.
    • Rosemary, Lavender, Dill, Mint, Aloe Vera, Green Tea, and Vitamins C and E absorb impurities and oil, detoxify and refine pores, reduce inflammation and thoroughly exfoliate.
    • Angelica —anti inflammatory, stimulant, tonic.

 

Zinc cream: Effective For Sunburn and Acne

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There are many different kinds of zinc cream available in the market today. Zinc contains an array of benefits that are effective for different skin irritations in children as well as in adults, including diaper rash, acne and sun protection. It is definitely among the best creams that you can possess in the medicine cabinet.

Zinc Oxide creams and anti acne
Protect and heal your skin with Zinc

The first thing that might come to your mind when you are thinking about zinc is a lifeguard sitting at his post with a coating of thick white, zinc oxide cream on his nose or body to protect himself from sunburn. Yes, this may the the old version of zinc you knew, but today’s formulations are lighter, less concentrated and zinc skin care cream is still undoubtedly the best way to prevent sunburn. Many modern dermatologists now believe sunscreen lotions with zinc oxide work better in comparison to the pure chemical sunscreens in blocking the dangerous UV rays of the sun.

You may not know, but zinc cream works wonders for different skin conditions and complications as well. It is extremely useful in treating acne and pimples. It helps in providing you respite from acne breakouts. It reduces inflammation and decreases the excessive oil production. By applying this cream you will be able to take out infectious toxins. It will also enhance skin healing quickly.

You should know how to apply this cream on your skin. Use it generously on your skin. Do not cover the area after application. If you plan on using the cream on young children you must consult a pediatrician. Since zinc is non-toxic and natural, most users  will not have any skin reactions after application.

If you are looking for a trusted zinc facial cream or product then you might want to try Vivoderm’s zinc repairing facial cream. It is a natural water based cream which is infused with Vitamin A and E. It has anti-inflammatory properties of Comfrey and Chamomile. Zinc oxide is required for healing and tissue growth. Their facial treatment also has anti-bacterial agents that help to fight the bacteria which causes acne. So, if you want miraculous results for your acne skin or sun protection, we think you can’t go wrong choosing zinc.

Get A Glowing Look With Natural Acne Skin Care Products

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Acne has always been a persistent problem among young women and men. If you suffer from acne then you need to treat it immediately. Acne begins when the skin pore gets plugged with dead skin, bacteria and oil. To treat pimples you can depend best on acne skin care products that are formulated speccifically to treat oil and blocked pores. Most choose over the counter products that contain acids or harsh chemicals, but these can actually strip your skins’s natural ability to heal itself, so choosing natural treatments are always best.

Vivoderm anti acne mask
Vivoderm anti acne mask

There are many different natural acne products to get rid of acne today. However, you cannot be sure of the right product until you know your own skin type. Try out Vivoderm’s anti acne facial mask which is made from 100% natural elements and is formulated to work with ALL skin types.

It has been noted by many women that it is the best face mask for acne as it is formulated to penetrate the skin and unplug the skin pores so that the impurities can be removed. Moreover, the face mask uses actual pilverized herbs that consist of natural antiseptic properties that attack the bacteria that causes acne. Vivoderm’s anti acne facial mask repairs blemishes and removes dead skin cells without drying out the skin. With regular use of the face mask you can get blemish free smooth skin.

You can use it 2-3 times every week. It will thoroughly exfoliate your skin and help in removing the dead cells. The face mask enhances circulation and promotes skin health and repair. Among all the acne skin care products available in the market Vivoderm’s face mask offers you absolutely natural ingredients such as Dill, Aloe Vera, Green Tea, Basil, Oat Flour, and Mint. The natural face masks never have any side effects on your skin.

Acne Skin Care For Young Teens

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Most adolescents beging to develop acne around ages 12-14. This is also the right time to start a regular skincare routine. First, it is essential to foster healthy habits in your teen early. Make it a habit for them to follow a skin care regimen so that they can prevent the development of acne or acne scars on their face in the future.

Natural, herbal, acne treatments for teens
Daily cleansing is important to keep acne at bay

When you are starting skin care early you must understand what is important for sensitive skin. Try to keep the beauty regimen as simple as possible. If you are suffering from acne then find the best natural product to control it. The best thing for sensitive and young skin would be natural based skin products. Try to choose a product that does not have too many ingredients. The more ingredients a product have it is likely to irritate the skin. Always choose gentle and mild products.

Vivoderm offers natural based anti acne products which are effective on sensitive skin. This beauty skin care brand offers an 100% herbal anti-acne face mask that is absolutely wonderful for teen skin. It is an herbal product that does not contain any chemicals or preservatives and contains natural anti inflammatories and anti oxidants to boost radiant skin and cellular turnover. It is created to penetrate the skin and clean out all dirt and impurities.

Moreover, this skin miraculous facial mask has antiseptic properties that also attack the bacteria that cause acne. It removes dead skin cells and helps to increase circulation that promotes skin health. The result is clear and smooth skin that any teen can be proud of.

Natural Acne Treatment Products Heal Pimples

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Acne is a skin condition among humans that involves the oil glands of the skin. It can leave ugly marks on your face when it occurs. You should know that hair, sebum, and skin cells clump together to form a plug, which becomes infected and results in swelling. The pimple develops when this plug breaks down. According to dermatologists, acne is very common among individuals between the ages of 11-30.

Try 100% Natural Acne Treatments from Vivoderm
Natural Acne Treatments from Vivoderm

However, this skin condition affects mostly teenagers and young adults. You can buy medications in the forms of creams, lotions and gels. However, if your skin is sensitive you must try out natural acne treatment products.

You should not use creams or gels with alcohol content as that tends to make your skin dry. You must do a patch test before you use any products. However, if you are using, natural and organic based products you would not have to bother about conducting a patch test. If you are browsing through online stores for acne treatment products the then you can come to Vivoderm and try out their product. This is the best face mask for acne which you can consider of using. It is a miraculous mask that does not contain any chemicals or preservatives. It removes the dead skin cells and repairs all kinds of blemishes from your skin. It is made from 100% natural herbs which helps to increase circulation and promotes healthy skin.

For natural acne treatment Vivoderm’s face mask is completely effective. It gently exfoliates and leaves a blemish free skin. You should use it twice or thrice a week for best results.

Acne Treatments and Tips on Skin Care for Teenagers

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During the teenage years hormonal changes occur from which hair and skin problems can take place. Blackheads, pimples, and acne are common problems that teenagers suffer from. Hence, you should follow a standard daily skin care routine if you want to prevent getting spots. To get that healthy, natural glow back to your skin then regularly wash and tone your face to clear all the common skin problems that usually occur during this time. But before you start on any skin care regimen you must determine your skin type.

anti acne herbal facial treatments
cleansing to prevent acne

As part of your anti-acne regimen you can wash your skin with a gentle natural facial cleanser. Try to find one that uses natural ingredients such as lavender oils, rosemary, and geranium. The Vivoderm natural facial cleanser is made with just these ingredients. It is gentle enough to use twice a day and won’t strip the natural oils from your skin. It acts as a natural healer instead.

Ladies, you must always remove your makeup before you go to sleep. If you forget to remove your make up you may develop pimples. After cleansing reduce excess oil by using a natural based skin toner. Look for toners that don’t contain alcohol. The vivoderm natural facial toner is made with green tea extracts and grape seed oil, to reduce inflammation and help your skin heal. Use on both your neck and face.

If you want to remove blackheads then light steaming can also be a good option for you. You can also use a clarifying herbal facial mask that combines healing herbs of Rosemary, lavender, aloe vera and green tea – like the Vivoderm 100% herbal anti0acne facial mask.

To keep your skin looking its best, your diet must be healthy and you should exercise properly 3-4 times a week. Drink lots of water to detoxify your system. Include a lot of leafy green vegetables and avoid gorging on sugary drinks and sweets.

Removal of Blackheads with Home-Made Face Packs

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Blackheads are actually reoccurring black spots on your ears, nose, and chin. They are unpleasant to look at and appear mostly due to blocked pores on skin. The blackness is caused because of the oxidizing effect of air that is on the sebum. Hence, they are generally yellow or black in color. People with oily skin are more affected by blackheads. The pollution is a big contributing factor for the occurrence of the blackheads.

Some of the common reasons for blackheads are as follows:
1. Excessive scrubbing of skin
2. Huge production of facial oil
3. Water deficiency in body
4. Use of makeup that are oil-based

When you are suffering from blackheads it is better if you select your diet well. This will lessen the sebum production and enhance the moisture in your skin. Avoid eating cooked fats and carbohydrates instead you can choose to eat fresh fruits and vegetables.

Use makeup which is absolutely oil free so that you do not block the skin pores. If you sweat too much then avoid using excessive make-up. Keep your make-up brushes clean so that you do not get affected by make-up products.

There are some home-made remedies for blackheads which you can choose to follow. You can prepare a face pack by mixing fresh lemon juice, and boiled milk (1 glass) that removes blackheads. Another home-made face mask is a paste of fresh fenugreek leaves. You can apply on your face for 15 minutes every night. Next you just have to wash your face with warm water. You can also use a face scrub of green tea that loosens blackheads. Steam bath is an effective option as it helps to soften the pores and open it for easy removal.

Three Tips for Treating Blemished Skin

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Are you suffering from rashes and pimples? Then, you must draw up a skincare program that will help you to get rid of your blemishes and give you a flawless skin. There are some effective skincare remedies which you can choose to go for to treat your skin condition.

• You can use a mild facial cleanser for washing your face. Avoid using detergent based products as that can cause irritation on your skin. Follow it up with a mild astringent or toner as it aids in killing the accumulated bacteria on the skin surface.

Fight Acne the Natural Way

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Acne is perhaps the most affecting beauty issue to any teenager who is going through puberty. Though the exact cause of acne is yet to be determined, it is widely believed that the “zits” or pimples are caused by the effects of hormones on sebaceous glands. What affects teens more, sadly are the after marks or scars that acne leaves on the skin even after one has been treated. These scars can cause a real embarrassment for anybody to show their face in public.

Home Remedies for Treating Pimples

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Pimples are the most problematic skin problem among teenagers. But yes, you can treat your pimples at home.  You do not necessarily have to buy special creams and lotions with chemical compositions for treating your pimples. If you want to get rid of your pimples then you can follow some simple steps to keep breakouts at bay and treat pimples at home according to your needs and at your convenience.

Take Care Of Dry And Oily Skin In A Few Easy Steps

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Dry and oily skin is some of the common problems which you face. But if you take proper care of them through a planned skin care routine you will surely get the best results. There are a variety of steps which you need to follow to achieve the purpose. If you have a dry skin, just do not worry anymore as all your problems can be resolved easily. There are a variety of moisturizers available in the market which you can use to counter the dryness.

Natural Facial Treatments for Adult Acne

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Adult Acne Causes

Adult Acne Causes

When one thinks of acne, a teenager may come to mind first. No one expects to have acne as an adult but it is more common than one might think. On average 50 percent of women and 25 percent of men are affected by adult acne. Adult acne is usually attributed to hormonal shifts, allergic reactions to skincare products or medications. The good news is many new treatments and procedures are available.

Natural Facial Skin Care for Acne

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Almost everyone has suffered from an acne breakout (or many more) in their lifetime. Acne occurs when the oil (or sebaceous) glands under hair follicles, usually on your face, neck, chest, or back, get plugged up, inflamed, or infected. Frequently the glands simply secrete too much of a thick waxy lubricant called sebum that keeps your skin healthy. This blocks the pores and creates a perfect breeding ground for bacteria. Follicles then get red and inflamed.

Hormone imbalances can play a role as well. Sebum increases with the overproduction of testosterone and other androgens in teenage boys, for instance, or with women;s hormonal fluctuations, such as those associated with the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause. In mild cases of acne, whiteheads and blackheads appear, and maybe some raised red blemishes. In more severe cases, pus-filled cysts and deep nodules form around the inflamed follicles, causing unsightly bumps, tenderness, and often pain.

Organic Skin Treatments for Acne

A couple of herbal products are useful for drying up acne. Topically applied tea tree oil is a natural alternative to benzoyl peroxide. Tea tree oil is fungicidal, antiseptic, expectorant, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, parasiticide, and antiviral. Wipe on a 10% to 15% strength solution twice a day.

The herb chamomile also has long been used for easing skin inflammations. Make a strong chamomile tea, and wipe the cooled liquid over your face each morning. This effective daily rinse tones and cleanses.

The holistic understanding of acne is generally the result of hormonal imbalance or toxicity of the bowel or blood. Use cleansing herbs like burdock root, yellow dock root, or echinacea root to help cleanse your blood and remove toxic waste products from your liver. Use bowel-cleansing herbs like yellow dock root and psyllium seed for a week, and repeat once a month for several months, especially if you have trouble with boils, acne, and other skin problems. Take evening primrose capsules. And apply tea tree oil solution externally.

Here’s a helpful tea recipe:

1 tablespoon Oregon grape root

1 tablespoon yellow dock root

1 tablespoon burdock root

1 tablespoon red clover flowers

2 cups water

Put all herbs in water and simmer 30 minutes. Drink one cup of the tea, 2 to 3 times daily.

During a breakout, eat mainly fresh fruits and vegetables, and add a six-ounce glass of cleansing vegetable juice with equal parts of cucumber, carrot, and celery, with a little parsley. Identify and drastically reduce all forms of refined sugar and fried foods in your diet – this includes honey.

Alternate hot and cold compresses over pimples once or twice a day to open the pores, cleanse them, and increase circulation to remove wastes.

Sometimes the skin will show reactions to external factors, such as bacteria, that have led to internal processes, which reflect on the skin instead of manifesting internally. While symptoms on the skin should be attended to, the real problem lies in the weakened defense system, which should be toned and strengthened so that the body will rid itself of infection.

The general guidelines for the treatment of infections also hold true for acne. And if antibiotics have been used recently, at least 1 g of vitamin C should be taken daily.

Natural Skin Care Therapy Tips for Acne

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Acne is not a new problem; people have been suffering from it for many thousands of years. In ancient Egypt for instance, oils were often used to soften and smooth the skin. It is only in recent times that people have begun to use acne creams made of chemical ingredients like benzyl peroxide, among others. These can not only have unwanted side effects, like the drying of healthy skin or the bleaching of clothing, but can be very costly.

It’s no mystery that our grandmothers seemed to know best. When it comes to health and skin, the more natural the ingredient, the better. Of course, there are times when natural remedies may not be as effective and that is Ok. However, just be aware of the natural options you have first, before you waste a lot of money on another product that doesn’t work. Many people today discovering the old-world secrets in caring for their bodies more naturally, and are turning to natural and herbal remedies, such as the following simple ‘kitchen cures’.

Acne Remedy #1: Make a paste of nutmeg powder and milk, and apply to your face in a thin layer. Leave on for up to an hour, or even overnight.

Acne Remedy #2: Take an orange peel and leave it to dry, and then grind it to a powder. Mix with water and apply directly to the pimple.

Acne Remedy #3: Applying garlic directly to a pimple can also be a great remedy, as garlic is a natural disinfectant.

Acne Remedy #4: Mix a spoonful each of fresh lemon juice and cinnamon. Apply to the acne overnight for several nights in a row to be effective.

Acne Remedy #5: Take fresh leaves of fenugreek and grind to make an acne remedy that is also said to be effective in reducing wrinkles. It should be left on for only fifteen minutes.

Acne Remedy #6: Papaya juice, which is high in natural enzymes, makes a wonderful acne solution all on its own.

Acne Remedy #7: Boil a cup of milk, and then allow to cool to room temperature, and add a spoonful of limejuice to make a acne face wash.

Acne Remedy #8: Mix rosewater, cucumber juice and lime juice in equal amounts. Apply to clean face and leave on overnight.

Chemical skin care ingredients you should avoid if you are acne-prone or have oily skin in combination with acne:
• Butyl stearate
• Cinnamon Oil
• Isotearyl isostearate
• Cocoa butter
• Jojoba oil
• Coconut oil
• Decyl oleate
• Myristyl myristate
• Myristyl propionate
• Octyl palminate
• Octyl stearate
• Peppermint Oil
• Isopropyl stearate
• Isopropyl, isostearate, myristate or palmitate
Try several of these natural remedies and see which one is best for you, be aware that it can take several days to have an effect. Make sure you use clean spoons and dishes to mix your remedies, and remember to wash your face as usual in between treatments.

Acne Terms and Causes

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Acne: Words to Know
Androgen:
A male sex hormone found in both males and females.
Anti-androgen:
A drug that slows down the production of androgens.
Antibiotic:
A drug that kills bacteria.
Comedo:
A hard plug that develops in the pores of the skin composed of sebum and dead skin cells. The mildest form of acne.
Comedolytic:
Drugs that break up comedos and open clogged pores.
Isotretinoin:
A drug that decreases sebum production and dries up acne pimples.
Sebum:
An oily material produced by sebaceous glands that keeps the skin moist.
Tretinoin:
A drug that increases the rate at which skin cells are formed and die.
CAUSES
________________________________________
The exact cause of acne is not known, however, several risk factors have been identified.
• Age. Because of the effect of sex hormones, teenagers are quite likely to develop acne.
• Cosmetics. Make-up and hair sprays that contain oils can make acne worse.
• Diet. Acne is not caused by diet, but some foods can make the disease more serious.
• Disease. Hormonal disorders can increase the severity of acne problems in girls.
• Drugs. Acne can develop as a result of using certain drugs, such as tranquilizers, antibiotics, oral contraceptives, and anabolic steroids. Steroids are synthetic hormones that may sometimes be abused by athletes to increase the size of their muscles.
• Environment. Acne can become worse as a result of exposure to oils, greases, and polluted air. Sweating in hot weather can also make the condition worse.
• Gender. Boys are more likely to develop acne and tend to have more serious cases than girls.
• Heredity. Acne is more common in some families than in others.
• Hormonal changes. Acne can flare up during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. Menopause is the period in a woman’s life when her body stops producing certain hormones.
• Personal hygiene. Strong soaps, hard scrubbing, and picking at pimples can make acne worse.
• Stress. Emotional stress can contribute to acne.

Rosacea Basics

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Rosacea is a long lasting, non-scarring skin condition of the face that is often misdiagnosed as adult acne. It varies in severity and does not always worsen with time. Typically, you will experience inappropriate flushing that is not usually associated with sweating and/or persistent facial redness. It is common to have broken blood vessels (telangiectasias) on your cheeks. You may also experience bouts of inflammation that cause red papules (small bumps) or pustules. However, comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) are not part of rosacea.

About 50% of those with rosacea suffer eye involvement, including such conditions as conjunctivitis, blepharitis, dry gritty eyes, and recurrent sties. Nose enlargement (rhinophyma) is uncommon but mostly seen in men. It is only very rarely seen in women.

Key Features:

  • Facial symptoms – burning and stinging
  • Facial flushing, blushing evolving to persistant redness
  • Inflammatory papules, pustules (pimples)
  • Cheeks are not warm
  • Telangectasiae, (blood vessel lines)
  • Eye involvement
  • Soft tissue hypertrophy or skin thickening (rhinophyma)
Facial flushing Telangectasias Rhinophyma
Facial flushing Telangectasias Rhinophyma

Who Gets Rosacea?

This condition is most commonly seen in those who have fair skin and is sometimes referred to as the “Curse of the Celts” or a “Peaches and Cream“ complexion.

Where Does Rosacea Occur On The Skin?

You will usually see rosacea around the central area of your face. It may occasionally be isolated to one patch.

When Does It Usually Start?

Onset usually occurs between 20-40 years of age.

How Does Rosacea Affect Us?

  • Rosacea can be very embarrassing, flushing can be a source of social discomfort
  • Many may feel that they are perceived as heavy drinkers
  • Eyes can be gritty and uncomfortable
  • Older men are frequently ashamed if their nose becomes bigger and knobbly

Natural Acne Scar Treatments

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The unfair fact is that adult acne will affect 25 percent of men and 50 percent of women in their adult lives. We know that identifying hormonal changes as the main cause of adult acne aren’t entirely proven. There isn’t just one cause. Acne in adult women can be linked to cosmetic use, some hair products and can frequently be brought on by the hormonal fluctuations associated with pregnancy. Certain types of prescription medications can also cause adult acne. Some strains of acne, such as Acne vulgaris, don’t typically show up in adults until midlife. Adult acne also forms differently, whereas adolescent acne begins on the forehead and cheek area, adult acne tends to show more on the chin, jaw line and neck.

With all this new adult acne erupting (pardon the pun) more than before, natural acne and scar treatments are gaining more acceptance as consumers want to make healthier more sustainable choices for their skincare.

Your skin has an amazing natural ability to regenerate itself and a new layer of skin growth will generally cover any scarring, but in the rare cases where this does not occur then a more advanced scar treatment is in order. Always consult with your doctor or dermatologist before beginning any facial treatments to be sure you are not causing further damage.

A healthy, well-balanced diet plays a large role in helping your body and skin to regenerate itself to its optimal condition. Many dermatologists recommend a diet high in natural minerals. These minerals are to maintain the health of the skin cells, which in turn should prevent a further outbreak of acne and repair damaged tissue. Diets, which include plenty of green vegetables, un-cooked vegetables such as carrots, spinach and cucumbers, have also helped many to maintain smooth, blemish-free skin. The idea is to try to create a new fresh layer of skin so that the scars reduced or eradicated.

Are you drinking enough water?

By consuming a regular amount of water daily, you can improve the look of your skin. The average human body is comprised of 60 percent water. Drinking more water, instead of sugar-laden sodas or energy drinks will keep the skin moist and smooth; it will also clear away the dead skin cells, flush toxins and aid in the regeneration of new skin cells. Mixing water with natural ingredients like citrus, fruit or vegetable juices, can also be helpful to exfoliate the skin.

With a proper nutritious diet, vitamins and plenty of water, most see results within a few months. It can take up to a year for acne scars to heal completely. Acne scars do not show up overnight and removing them can take the same amount of time if not more. It takes patience, but with the proper motivation for beautiful, glowing skin, it will be well worth the wait.

Benzoyl Peroxide and Tretinoin

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When applying antiacne drugs to the skin, people should be careful not to get the medicine in the eyes, mouth, or inside the nose. They should not put the medicine on skin that is wind burned, sunburned, or irritated, and not apply it to open wounds.

Because antiacne drugs such as benzoyl peroxide and tretinoin irritate the skin slightly, users should avoid doing anything that might cause further irritation. They should wash the face with mild soap and water only two or three times a day, unless the physician says to wash it more often. They should also avoid using abrasive soaps or cleansers and products that might dry the skin or make it peel, such as medicated cosmetics, cleansers that contain alcohol, or other acne products that contain resorcinol, sulfur, or salicylic acid.

If benzoyl peroxide or tretinoin make the skin too red or too dry or cause too much peeling, the user should check with a physician. Using the medicine less often or using a weaker strength may be necessary. Benzoyl peroxide can irritate the skin of people with skin of color and cause darkened spots called hyperpigmentation on the skin. Benzoyl peroxide may discolor hair or colored fabrics.

ORAL DRUGS. Oral antibiotics are taken daily for two to four months. The drugs used include tetracycline, erythromycin, minocycline (Minocin), doxycycline, clindamycin (Cleocin), and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra). Possible side effects include allergic reactions, stomach upset, vaginal yeast infections, dizziness, and tooth discoloration.

The goal of treating moderate acne is to decrease inflammation and prevent new comedones from forming. One effective treatment is topical tretinoin, used along with a topical or oral antibiotic. A combination of topical benzoyl peroxide and erythromycin is also very effective. Improvement is normally seen within four to six weeks, but treatment is maintained for at least two to four months.

Special Conditions

People who have certain medical conditions or who are taking certain other medicines may have problems if they use antiacne drugs. Before using these products, the physician should be informed about any of the following conditions.

ALLERGIES. Anyone who has had unusual reactions to etretinate, isotretinoin, tretinoin, vitamin A preparations, or benzoyl peroxide in the past should let the physician know before using an antiacne drug. The physician should also be told about any allergies to foods, dyes, preservatives, or other substances.

PREGNANCY. Teens who are pregnant or who may become pregnant should check with a physician before using tretinoin or benzoyl peroxide. Isotretinoin causes birth defects in humans and must not be used during pregnancy.

OTHER MEDICAL CONDITIONS. Before using antiacne drugs applied to the skin, people with any of these medical problems should make sure their physicians are aware of their conditions:
• Eczema. Antiacne drugs that are applied to the skin may make this condition worse.
• Sunburn or raw skin. Antiacne drugs that are applied to the skin may increase the pain and irritation of these conditions.

In people with certain medical conditions, isotretinoin may increase the amount of triglyceride (a fatty-substance) in the blood. This may lead to heart or blood vessel problems. Before using isotretinoin, adolescents with any of the following medical problems should make sure their physicians are aware of their conditions:

• alcoholism or heavy drinking, currently or in the past
• diabetes or family history of diabetes (Isotretinoin may change blood sugar levels.)
• family history of high triglyceride levels in the blood
• severe weight problems

Using antiacne drugs with certain other drugs may affect the way the drugs work or may increase the chance of side effects.

Modern Acne Treatments

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Anti-acne drugs are medicines that help clear up pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and more severe forms of acne.

Benzoyl peroxide is found in many over-the-counter acne products that are applied to the skin, such as Benoxyl, Clear By Design, Neutrogena Acne, PanOxyl, and some formulations of Clean & Clear, Clearasil, and Oxy. Some benzoyl peroxide products are available without a physician’s prescription; others require a prescription. Tretinoin (Retin-A) is available only with a physician’s prescription and comes in liquid, cream, and gel forms, which are applied to the skin. Isotretinoin (Accutane), which is taken by mouth in capsule form, is available only with a physician’s prescription. Only physicians who have experience in diagnosing and treating severe acne, such as dermatologists, should prescribe isotretinoin.

Acne is a skin disorder that leads to an outbreak of lesions called pimples or “zits.” The most common form of the disease in adolescents is called acne vulgaris. Antiacne drugs are the medicines that help clear up the pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and more severe forms of lesions that occur when a teen has acne.
Different types of antiacne drugs are used for different treatment purposes, depending on the severity of the condition. For example, lotions, soaps, gels, and creams containing substances called benzoyl peroxide or tretinoin may be used to clear up mild to moderately severe acne. Isotretinoin (Accutane) is an oral drug that is prescribed only for very severe, disfiguring acne.

Acne is caused by the overproduction of sebum during puberty when high levels of the male hormone androgen cause excess sebum to form. Sebum is an oily substance that forms in glands just under the surface of the skin called sebaceous glands. Sebum normally flows out hair follicles onto the skin to act as a natural skin moisturizer. The glands are connected to hair follicles that allow the sebum, or oil, to empty onto the skin through a pore.

Sometimes the sebum combines with dead, sticky skin cells and bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) that normally live on the skin. The mixture of oil and cells allows the bacteria to grow in the follicles. When this happens, a hard plug called a comedo can form. A comedo is an enlarged hair follicle. It can appear on the skin as a blackhead, which is a comedo that reaches the skin’s surface and looks black, or as a whitehead, which is a comedo that is sealed by keratin, the fibrous protein produced by the skin cells and looks like a white bump.

In addition, pimples can form on the skin. Types of pimples include:
• papules, which are small, red bumps that may be tender to touch
• pustules, which are pus-filled lesions that are often red at the base
• nodules, which are large, painful lesions deep in the skin
• cysts, which are painful pus-filled lesions deep in the skin that can cause scarring

Pimples form when the follicle is invaded by the P. acnes bacteria. The damaged follicle weakens and bursts open, releasing sebum, bacteria, skin cells, and white blood cells into surrounding tissues. Scarring happens when new skin cells are created to replace the damaged cells. The most severe type of acne includes both nodules and cysts.

Acne cannot be cured, but antiacne drugs can help clear the skin and reduce the chance of scarring. The goal of treating moderate acne is to decrease inflammation and prevent new comedones from forming. Benzoyl peroxide and tretinoin work by mildly irritating the skin. This encourages skin cells to slough off, which helps open blocked pores. Benzoyl peroxide also kills bacteria, which helps prevent whiteheads and blackheads from turning into pimples. Isotretinoin shrinks the glands that produce sebum. It is used for severe acne lesions and must be carefully monitored because of its side effects. Antibiotics also may be prescribed to kill bacteria and reduce inflammation.

Acne Terms and Causes

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Acne: Words to Know
Androgen:
A male sex hormone found in both males and females.
Anti-androgen:
A drug that slows down the production of androgens.
Antibiotic:
A drug that kills bacteria.
Comedo:
A hard plug that develops in the pores of the skin composed of sebum and dead skin cells. The mildest form of acne.
Comedolytic:
Drugs that break up comedos and open clogged pores.
Isotretinoin:
A drug that decreases sebum production and dries up acne pimples.
Sebum:
An oily material produced by sebaceous glands that keeps the skin moist.
Tretinoin:
A drug that increases the rate at which skin cells are formed and die.
CAUSES
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The exact cause of acne is not known, however, several risk factors have been identified.
• Age. Because of the effect of sex hormones, teenagers are quite likely to develop acne.
• Cosmetics. Make-up and hair sprays that contain oils can make acne worse.
• Diet. Acne is not caused by diet, but some foods can make the disease more serious.
• Disease. Hormonal disorders can increase the severity of acne problems in girls.
• Drugs. Acne can develop as a result of using certain drugs, such as tranquilizers, antibiotics, oral contraceptives, and anabolic steroids. Steroids are synthetic hormones that may sometimes be abused by athletes to increase the size of their muscles.
• Environment. Acne can become worse as a result of exposure to oils, greases, and polluted air. Sweating in hot weather can also make the condition worse.
• Gender. Boys are more likely to develop acne and tend to have more serious cases than girls.
• Heredity. Acne is more common in some families than in others.
• Hormonal changes. Acne can flare up during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. Menopause is the period in a woman’s life when her body stops producing certain hormones.
• Personal hygiene. Strong soaps, hard scrubbing, and picking at pimples can make acne worse.
• Stress. Emotional stress can contribute to acne.

Acne Symptoms and Treatments

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SYMPTOMS

Acne is often not apparent to an observer. Inflamed pores, however, can cause pain or itching. The most troubling aspect of acne for many people is the scarring that can occur. And, while acne may not be very noticeable, individuals tend to be sensitive about their appearance. Teenagers especially may become concerned about the way other people react to them.

DIAGNOSIS

People with acne are often treated by family doctors. More serious cases are referred to a dermatologist (a specialist in skin disorders) or an endocrinologist (a specialist in hormonal disorders).
Because of its appearance, acne is not difficult to diagnose. A doctor takes a complete medical history, which includes questions about skin, diet, medication use, and other factors associated with risk for acne. He or she conducts a physical examination of the face, upper neck, chest, shoulders, back, and other affected areas. The doctor determines the number and type of blemishes, whether they are inflamed or not, whether they are deep or near the surface of the skin, and whether there is scarring or skin discoloration.
Laboratory tests are not done unless the patient appears to have a hormonal disorder. In that case, blood tests and other tests may be ordered. Most insurance plans cover the cost of diagnosing and treating acne.

ANTI-ACNE DRUGS
Brand Name (Generic Name) and their pssible common side effects:

Accutane (isotretinoin) > Dry skin, dry mouth, conjunctivitis
Benzamycin > Dry and itchy skin
Cleocin T (clindamycin phosphate) Dry skin
Desquam-E (benzoyl peroxide) > Itching, red and peeling skin
Erythromycin topical (A/T/S, erycette, t-stat) > Burning, dry skin, hives, red and peeling skin
Minocin (minocycline hydrochloride) > Headache, hives, diarrhea, peeling skin, vomiting
Retin-A (tretinoin) > Darkening of the skin, blistering, crusted, or puffy skin

Alternative Acne Treatments and Prevention

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Several surgical or medical treatments may be used to reduce acne or the scars caused by the disease.
• Chemical peel. A chemical known as glycolic acid is first applied to the skin. When it dries, it is peeled off, taking the top layer of skin with it. This treatment helps reduce scarring.

• Collagen injection. Shallow scars are filled in by injecting collagen, a skin protein, beneath the scars.
• Comedo extraction. A special tool is used to remove a comedo from a pore.
• Dermabrasion. The affected skin is first frozen with a chemical spray. Then it is removed with a brush or sandpaper-like instrument.

• Intralesional injection. Anti-inflammatory drugs are injected directly into inflamed pimples.
• Punch grafting. Deep scars are removed and the area repaired with small skin grafts.

Alternative treatments for acne focus on proper hygiene and diet. Patients are advised to keep their skin clean and oil-free. They are also encouraged to eat a well-balanced diet high in fiber, zinc, and raw fruits and vegetables. They should also avoid alcohol, dairy products, caffeine, sugar, smoking, processed foods, and foods high in iodine, such as table salt.

Some doctors recommend the use of herbs to supplement the diet. Some herbs that have been used in the treatment of acne include burdock root, red clover, and milk thistle. Additional nutrients that may help to control acne include B-complex vitamins and chromium. Chinese herbal treatments that are recommended include cnidium seed and honeysuckle flower. Another herbal treatment is tea tree oil. The proper dose of these substances can be recommended by physicians or nutritionists.

Acne cannot be cured. However, it can be controlled in about 60 percent of patients with the drug isotretinoin. Improvement usually takes at least two months, and the problem may recur after treatment has been stopped. Inflammatory acne that results in the formation of scars may require one of the more aggressive treatments already described.

PREVENTION

There are no sure ways to prevent acne. However, the following steps tend to reduce flare-ups ofthe condition:
• Gently wash—do not scrub—the affected areas once or twice every day.
• Avoid rough cleansers.
• Use makeup and skin moisturizers that do not produce comedos.
• Shampoo often and wear hair away from the face.
• Eat a well-balanced diet and avoid foods that trigger flare-ups.
• Give dry pimples a limited amount of sun exposure unless otherwise directed by your doctor.
• Do not pick or squeeze pimples.
• Reduce stress.